Rule of Law Database

Judicial Independence
Equality before the law and protection of the right to non-discrimination
Accessibility of laws
Efficacy of civil and criminal proceedings and dispute resolution system
Prevention of corruption
Prevention of abuse of government power
Fundamental human rights

Judicial Independence

A. Infrastructure Information

Examples of the relevant questions:

  1. Is there a legislative framework for the protection of judicial independence, namely that the courts shall exercise judicial power independently and free from any interference?
  2. Are judges chosen only on the basis of their judicial and professional qualities?
  3. Is there any political vetting process before the appointment of judges?
  4. Are judges appointed based on the recommendation of an independent body?
  5. Is it legally provided that judges shall be immune from legal action in the performance of their judicial functions?
  6. Do judges have security of tenure in office?
  7. Is there a specified process by which judges can be removed?
  8. Do judges set out the reasoning in their judgments?
  9. Are written judgments available to the public?

B. Resources Data

C. Quality Data (efficacy, efficiency, effectiveness, etc.)

(To be updated)